Google celebrates doctor Anandi Gopalrao Joshi's 153rd birthday with sketch doodle

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This was said to have been a turning point for the grieving mother, who developed an interest in medicine. Her husband, Gopalrao Joshi, played an important part in her early education as he encouraged her to continue her education.

Anandibai was 14 when she bore their first child. In recent times now it is known as Drexel University College of Medicine. But in 1883, when Gopalrao Joshi was transferred to Serampore in present day West Bengal (Bengal province at the time), he decided and convinced Anandi to go to the United States by herself. In that regard, he wrote to Royal Wilder, a well-known American missionary, in 1880, to grant him a spot in the U.S. where Anandibai wished to study - a letter that Wilder went on to publish in Princeton's Missionary Review.

In her honour, the Institute for Research & Documentation in Social Sciences, Lucknow instituted the annual "Anandibai Joshi Award" and the Maharashtra government offers a fellowship named after her.

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- Nevertheless, she completed her education. She had a support of her husband who motivated her to follow her dreams. The topic of her thesis was "Obstetrics among the Aryan Hindus".

Anandi received praise from Kesari editor Lokmanya Tilak; even Queen Victoria congratulated her for this feat. He also renamed India's first lady doctor who was born with the name Yamuna as "Anandi". After completion of course, Joshi returned to India with dreams of opening a medical college for women. She got a grand welcome and the princely state of Kolhapur appointed her as physician-in-charge of the female ward of the local Albert Edward Hospital.

- She was married at the age of nine to Gopalrao Joshi, a widower, nearly 20 years her senior, due to pressure from her family. Her death was mourned throughout India. She died at an age of 22 years. However, her legacy inspires the generations of women even today. A crater in the planet of Venus has been named after Joshi, the Google blog added.

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Her ashes now lie in the family cemetery in Poughkeepsie, New York.

Anandi was born as Yamuna in Maharashtra's Thane district in 1865.

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